How to Treat a Tooth Infection at Home

When it comes to dental health, a tooth infection is a serious concern that should never be ignored. Left untreated, it can lead to severe pain, discomfort, and even more complicated oral health issues. 

While it is always recommended to seek professional dental care for tooth infections, there are some home remedies and preventive measures you can take to alleviate the symptoms and promote healing. In this article, we will explore effective ways to treat a tooth infection at home, ensuring your oral health remains a top priority.

A tooth infection, also known as an abscessed tooth, occurs when harmful bacteria enter the dental pulp, the soft tissue at the center of the tooth. This can happen due to tooth decay, trauma, or untreated cavities. As the infection progresses, it can cause severe pain, swelling, and sensitivity. If left untreated, a tooth infection can lead to complications such as gum disease, bone loss, and even tooth loss.

Types of Tooth Infections:

1. Gingival Abscess:

Description: An abscess that forms in the gum tissue, usually due to trauma or external injury.

Causes: Foreign body entrapment in the gum, such as a popcorn kernel or a splinter.

Treatment: Cleaning the area to remove the trapped debris, drainage of the abscess, and sometimes antibiotics if there’s a spread of the infection.

2. Periodontal Abscess:

Description: An abscess in the deeper structures of the gums, often extending into the bone.

Causes: Advanced gum disease (periodontitis), deep pocket formations, or existing conditions that haven’t been treated.

Treatment: Deep cleaning (scaling and root planing), drainage of the abscess, and antibiotics. In advanced cases, surgical intervention might be required.

3. Periapical Abscess:

Description: An abscess located at the tip of a tooth’s root.

Causes: Untreated dental cavity, trauma, or previous dental work. Bacteria invade the dental pulp, leading to an infection that spreads to the tooth’s root.

Treatment: Root canal treatment to remove the infected pulp or tooth extraction if the tooth is non-restorable.

4. Combined Periodontic-Endodontic Abscess:

Description: A complex abscess that involves both the periodontal structure (gums and bone) and the endodontic structure (tooth pulp).

Causes: Combination of pulp death and periodontal disease or a rapidly progressing periodontal disease that invades the pulp.

Treatment: Both root canal treatment and periodontal therapy might be required, depending on the extent and cause.

Symptoms of a Tooth Infection:

1. Pain and Sensitivity:

  • Often described as throbbing, sharp, or continuous
  • May worsen upon biting or when consuming hot/cold foods and beverages

2. Swollen Gums or Face:

  • Inflammation around the affected tooth or gum area
  • Swelling may extend to the face, causing noticeable facial asymmetry in severe cases

3. Pus or Discharge:

  • Collection of pus either at the base of the tooth or between the tooth and gum
  • 4. May ooze out and can be seen as a white or yellowish drainage

4. Bad Taste in Mouth or Bad Breath:

  • Due to the presence of bacteria and pus
  • Persistent, foul-smelling breath despite regular oral hygiene

5. Fever:

  • Body’s systemic response to infection
  • Not always present, but can indicate a spreading infection

Home Remedies for Relieving Tooth Infection Symptoms

Saltwater Rinse:

  1. Combine half a teaspoon of salt with warm water.
  2. Swish the solution in your mouth for 30 seconds, focusing on the infected area.
  3. Repeat three to four times a day to reduce pain and swelling.

Clove Oil:

  1. Soak a cotton ball in clove oil and gently apply it to the affected tooth.
  2. Leave it in place for 15-20 minutes.
  3. The natural analgesic properties of clove oil can provide temporary relief from pain and inflammation.

Tea Bags:

  1. Steep a tea bag in hot water for a few minutes.
  2. Once cooled, place the tea bag on the infected tooth for 15-20 minutes.
  3. The tannins in tea possess antibacterial properties and can help alleviate discomfort.

Cold Compress:

  1. Wrap a few ice cubes in a thin cloth and apply it to the affected area.
  2. Leave it on for 10-15 minutes.
  3. The cold temperature can numb the area and reduce swelling.


  1. Crush a clove of garlic and apply the paste to the infected tooth.
  2. Leave it on for 10-15 minutes before rinsing your mouth.
  3. Garlic contains allicin, a compound known for its antimicrobial properties.

Over-the-Counter Pain Relievers:

When experiencing severe pain, over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help manage discomfort.

Follow the instructions on the packaging and consult a pharmacist if needed.

Preventive Measures for Maintaining Oral Health

1. Maintain Good Oral Hygiene:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
  • Floss daily to remove food particles and plaque from between your teeth.
  • Use an antibacterial mouthwash to kill bacteria and freshen your breath.
  • Regularly visit your dentist for check-ups and professional cleanings.

2. Avoid Sugary and Acidic Foods:

  • Limit your intake of sugary and acidic foods and beverages.
  • These can contribute to tooth decay and increase the risk of infections.

3. Quit Smoking:

Smoking weakens your immune system and reduces your body’s ability to fight off infections.

Quitting smoking can significantly improve your oral health and reduce the risk of tooth infections.

4. Wear a Mouthguard:

If you participate in sports or grind your teeth at night, wearing a mouthguard can protect your teeth from injury and prevent infections.

5. Stay Hydrated:

Drinking an adequate amount of water helps maintain saliva production, which naturally fights off bacteria and keeps your mouth healthy.


Taking immediate action to treat a tooth infection is crucial for maintaining optimal oral health. While home remedies can provide temporary relief, it is essential to seek professional dental care to address the underlying cause of the infection. By following preventive measures and practicing good oral hygiene, you can reduce the risk of tooth infections and enjoy a healthy smile for years to come.

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