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Tips for Maintaining Oral Hygiene With Braces

Tips for Maintaining Oral Hygiene With Braces

Having braces can be an effective way to achieve a beautiful smile, but it also requires extra attention to oral hygiene. Proper care and maintenance are essential to ensure the health of your teeth and gums throughout the orthodontic treatment. 

In this article, we will provide you with valuable tips for maintaining oral hygiene with braces, helping you navigate this exciting journey while keeping your smile bright and healthy.

Why Is Oral Hygiene Even More Crucial with Braces?

Oral hygiene is crucial during braces treatment because braces create additional spaces for food particles and plaque to accumulate. Braces are a popular and effective orthodontic treatment to correct various dental issues such as misaligned teeth, overbites, and underbites. While they play a significant role in improving one’s dental structure, they also introduce new challenges when it comes to maintaining oral hygiene. With braces, it becomes even more paramount to be diligent about cleaning the mouth. Here’s why:

Risks of Food Getting Trapped:

1. Bacteria Playground: 

Food particles that get stuck in braces can become a breeding ground for bacteria. When food is trapped and not removed promptly, bacteria feed on it, producing acids that can lead to tooth decay.

2. Persistent Bad Breath: 

The trapped food particles can also lead to bad breath, as the decomposing food emits an unpleasant odor.

3. Gum Diseases: 

Over time, the accumulation of food particles and the resulting bacterial activity can contribute to gum diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis.

Possibility of Staining Around Brackets:

1. Plaque Accumulation: 

Brackets and wires can act as barriers that prevent the natural cleaning action of saliva and brushing from being fully effective. This can lead to plaque accumulation around the brackets.

2. Uneven Coloring: 

If plaque is not removed, it can harden into tartar, leading to discoloration. This could result in teeth having an uneven color once the braces are removed, with lighter spots where the brackets were and darker spots on the surrounding tooth surface.

3. Erosion and Decalcification: 

Persistent plaque around brackets can also lead to enamel erosion and decalcification, resulting in white, chalky spots on the teeth.

Potential for Cavities Under Brackets or Between Wires:

1. Difficult Access: 

The presence of brackets and wires can make certain areas of the tooth surface more challenging to access and clean effectively.

2. Concealed Decay: 

If oral hygiene isn’t maintained, cavities can develop in these hard-to-reach areas. These cavities might not be immediately visible due to the braces but can cause significant dental problems if they grow large.

3. Costly Repairs: 

Once the braces are removed, treating these cavities can be costly, both financially and in terms of time, negating some of the benefits gained from orthodontic treatment.

Tips for Maintaining Oral Hygiene with Braces

1. Brush Regularly and Properly

One of the fundamental aspects of oral hygiene with braces is brushing your teeth regularly and properly. Brushing after every meal and snack is highly recommended to remove food debris and plaque. 

Use a soft-bristle toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste, holding the brush at a 45-degree angle to reach under the wires and around the brackets. Brush gently in a circular motion, ensuring that all tooth surfaces are thoroughly cleaned.

2. Floss Daily

Flossing becomes slightly more challenging with braces, but it remains an essential part of your oral hygiene routine. Regular floss may be difficult to maneuver between the wires, so consider using a floss threader or orthodontic floss. 

Take your time and carefully thread the floss under the wire, then clean between each tooth. Repeat the process for all teeth, making sure to reach the gum line. Flossing helps remove plaque and prevents gum disease.

3. Rinse with Mouthwash

To further enhance your oral hygiene routine, incorporate a mouthwash into your daily habits. Mouthwash reaches areas that may be missed by brushing and flossing, helping to eliminate bacteria and freshen your breath. 

Choose an antimicrobial mouthwash that kills germs and provides an extra layer of protection against plaque and gum disease. Swish the mouthwash around your mouth for 30 seconds, then spit it out.

4. Use Orthodontic Wax

Braces can sometimes cause discomfort and irritation, especially during the initial stages of treatment. If the brackets or wires are rubbing against your gums, cheeks, or lips, apply orthodontic wax to create a protective barrier. 

Break off a small piece of wax, roll it into a ball, and press it onto the irritating area. This simple solution can alleviate discomfort and prevent further irritation.

5. Avoid Sticky and Hard Foods

Certain foods can be problematic when you have braces, as they can damage the brackets and wires or get stuck in them. To maintain oral hygiene and prevent any orthodontic emergencies, avoid sticky or hard foods such as caramel, chewing gum, popcorn, and hard candies. 

Opt for softer options that are less likely to cause any damage, like mashed potatoes, yogurt, steamed vegetables, and pasta.

6. Attend Regular Orthodontic Check-ups

Regular visits to your orthodontist are crucial for maintaining optimal oral hygiene during braces treatment. These appointments allow your orthodontist to monitor your progress, make any necessary adjustments to your braces, and ensure that your teeth and gums are healthy. 

Follow your orthodontist’s recommendations and attend all scheduled check-ups to ensure the success of your treatment and address any concerns or issues promptly.


Maintaining oral hygiene with braces requires diligence and consistency, but the results are well worth the effort. By following these tips for maintaining oral hygiene with braces, you can minimize the risk of dental issues and ensure a healthy smile throughout your orthodontic journey. Remember to brush regularly, floss diligently, rinse with mouthwash, and attend regular check-ups with your orthodontist. With proper care, you’ll achieve a beautiful, healthy smile that lasts a lifetime.